Ruqyah means incantation and any therapy that uses ruqyah as a main component can be termed as ruqyah therapy. Ruqyah can be divided into 2 categories. Ruqyah that complies with shariah are termed ruqyah shariyyah (shariah-compliant ruqyah) and ruqyah which contains shirk (polytheistic practices) are termed ruqyah shirkiyyah (polytheistic ruqyah). Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) approved the use of a particular ruqyah that was practised during pre-Islamic period because it did not have any polytheistic elements in it. Shirk (polytheism) is the boundary that separates lawful (halal) and unlawful (haram) ruqyah.
Ruqyah was used as treatment during the time of the prophet. In one incident, a companion recited surah al-Fatihah (the Opening Chapter) to treat a tribal leader from snake bite even though the prophet had never taught anyone to recite al-Fatihah for treatment of snake bites.
Unlike snake bites, jinn-related disorder can affect a person both physically and psychologically. If a person has just been affected by jinn, the damage might just be confined to psychological. However, if one or more jinn has been living in a person for a long period, the effect can both be physical as well as psychological. Jinn is a living organism and is a parasite that consumes food to survive and secretes excretion into the human body. The excretion (i.e. toxins) will cause imbalance i.e. disrupts the homeostasis of the body, which in turn will affect the health of the person.
Jinn-related disorder therefore not only affects the mental health of a person but may also affect the physical health. These may cause additional psychosomatic problems. When a person thinks about his physical health, he or she will feel depressed. If a person is depressed, his or her physical health may deteriorate.
The therapy for jinn-related disorder should therefore not rely on ruqyah (incantation) alone. The therapy should be holistic in manner and must include ruqyah and psychotherapy at the very minimum. As in any psychotherapy session, the therapist should show empathy and must never blame the client for his or her predicament. The aim of any therapy is to help the client to move forward with his or her life. Blaming the client can be considered as a sign of failure to provide an effective therapy. An angry therapist will cause more harm than good.