Sources of Islamic Fiqh

  1. Quran
  2. Sunnah (All that is attributed to the Prophet p.b.u.h. in words, actions or approval)
  3. Ijma (concensus of scholars who are qualified to make ijtihad)
  4. Qias (analogy)

Rulings

There are 5 rulings:

1.  Wajib / fardh (obligatory). Reward will be given if performed and punishment will be given if not performed. This is divided into 2 categories i.e.

a. Fardhu 'ayn (personal obligation). Obligation that is imposed on every individual e.g. fardh prayers

b. Fardhu kifayah (communal obligation). Obligation that is imposed on a community. If no member of the community perform the obligation, then the punishment will be given to the whole community e.g. performing funeral prayer

2. Mandub / sunnah (recommended ). Reward will be given if performed and no punishment will be given if not performed.

3. Haram (unlawful). Reward will be given if not performed and punishment will be given if performed.

4. Makruh (offensive). Reward will be given if not performed but no punishment will be given if performed.

5. Mubah (permissible). No reward will be given if not performed and no punishment will be given if performed.

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